Researchers Have Found That There Are More Than a Dozen Books Per Child in Middle-Income Neighborhoods, While In Low-Income Neighborhoods The Ratio Is Closer To One Book For Every Three Hundred Children
As per the Urban Child Institute, not all children have high quality early childhood literacy experiences. Researchers have found that while there are more than a dozen books per child in middle-income neighborhoods, in low-income neighborhoods, the ratio is closer to one book for every three hundred children. Compounding these differences, low-income families engage in much less conversation and use smaller vocabularies when talking with their children. The result is that there are stark differences in the early exposure to reading of different groups of children. In low-income families, time as well as money is scarce, and books may be considered a costly luxury.
In turn, children from low-income families are further disadvantaged when it comes to early exposure to reading. This, in turn, creates massive reading readiness gaps between even the youngest children. By age three, children from wealthier families have typically heard 30 million more words than children from low-income families.2 When they reach school, children from low-income families have one-fourth the vocabulary of children from wealthier homes. By the time children from low-income families enter kindergarten, they are 12-14 months below national norms in language and pre-reading skills.
Too often, gaps in reading readiness and language development become academic achievement gaps. While half of middle-income children in 4th grade are considered proficient, closer to 17% of low-income 4th graders earn proficient mark. Early reading skills predict general academic performance, and early deficits reduce the likelihood of catching up later on. For this reason, The Formula comes equipped with its own text. Throughout the course of program, students are required to read multiple books that are directly related to specific outcomes and literacy development.
Rapidly Increasing & Improving Literacy Through Modeling, Meaning & Context